Growth Of Jazz Music

 

In the turn of the century around 1920, lots of artists made their mark by playing in the discreet underground clubs understood as “Speakeasies” which are high class, “Blind pig” lower class or “Smokeasy” for smokers. The United States once restricted the sale of alcoholic beverages and cigarette smoking tobacco in clubs as a constitutional change.

Thing were starting to look up for Jazz Music once the invention of the record player or phonograph was made to play jazz albums. In addition, radio stations helped promote Jazz music, and made it popular amongst the public. Jazz Music became a music of class that earned the period a nick name understood as the “Jazz age”.

In fact George Gershwin’s “Rhapsody In Blue’ was commissioned by Whiteman as his debut for the orchestra.

Ten years after Jazz music became popular it was reinvented into a style that would appropriate for radio and dancing. This design was referred to as “Swing” which allowed musicians to improvise their own interpretation of the melody or theme that was in some cases difficult to do. In the Swing age Jazz bands grew into a larger size which was frequently referred to as “Big Band” music that would constantly include a soloist.

The band leaders and music arrangers for Jazz music who became famous for this design of music was Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington, Earl Hines, Fletcher Henderson, Walter Page, Benny Goodman, Don Redman, Chick Webb, Jimmie Lunceford, and Jay McShann. Throughout this time there were racial issues of segregation between black and white individuals, however it gradually waned enough for the white band leaders to discover black artists to carry out with them. In the middle of the 1930’s Benny Goodman invited Teddy Wilson(pianist), Lionel Hampton (vibraphonist), and Charlie Christian (guitarist) to be a part of a group. Each artist learned from the design of other musicians in order to form their own. Cab Calloway, Dizzy Gillespie(trumpeter), Bing Crosby (vocalist) were influenced by the improvising of Louis Armstrong. Later on, the singers Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Frank Sinatra, and Sarah Vaughn signed up with the scene with Jazz Improvisation called the scat. To Scat is to vocally mimic musical instruments using such non spoken language as doot ‘n doo bee yah bah bathroom bey doo ee ya boy lay bah doo doot ‘n doo yah doo doy.

In the beginning of the 1940’s Jazz music developed yet again into a new design referred to as “Jump Music” which was positive music using blues chords carried out by small music groups. These little music groups are the kinds many bands make today. Later on, another design of Jazz music came using the music of the 1930’s as an inspiration called “Boogie-Woogie” where the typical 4 beat bar section expanded into a 8 beat bar section in the rhythm which Big Joe Turner took the lead in the 1940’s.

In the 1950’s, music transformed again when turner relied on “Rock and Roll music”. When it comes to the Swing period music it was reborn in using the modern-day dance patterns. Kansas City made memorial for Charlie Parker in their American Jazz Museum that displays the history of the music and the people who made Jazz music what it has actually become. (Site : S188)

Jazz Music became a music of class that earned the period a nick name known as the “Jazz age”. The band leaders and music arrangers for Jazz music who became famous for this design of music was Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington, Earl Hines, Fletcher Henderson, Walter Page, Benny Goodman, Don Redman, Chick Webb, Jimmie Lunceford, and Jay McShann. In the beginning of the 1940’s Jazz music evolved yet once again into a brand-new style understood as “Jump Music” which was upbeat music using blues chords performed by small music groups. Later on, another style of Jazz music came using the music of the 1930’s as a motivation called “Boogie-Woogie” where the typical 4 beat bar section broadened into an eight beat bar section in the rhythm which Big Joe Turner took the lead in the 1940’s.

Kansas City made memorial for Charlie Parker in their American Jazz Museum that shows the history of the music and the people who made Jazz music what it has actually become.